All you need to know about Classes
All entities in nanos world are represented by a Class. In Lua, classes are represented by tables. That means that every interaction with entities (Players, Characters, Props, etc) are made with Classes/tables methods following an OOP (Object-oriented programming pattern). In this page we will explain more about that.
In nanos world we have 3 types of Classes (or structures):
Static Classes and
If you read our Quick Start guide, you noticed we were spawning entities in the following format:
-- Spawning an entity with a Constructor
local my_entity = Entity()
-- Interacting with the entity with it's methods
Access to Entities / Spawned Objects Methods are made with
This is how OOP works! You create objects and call functions/catch events on that object. Unlike other scripting games which have tons of global functions and events to interact with entities, nanos world scripting is a modern approach to modern programming.
Under the hood, nanos world Classes follow an Inheritance Pattern, which means we have base parent classes, and it’s children which inherits all functions, events and properties from them. You will notice that all Classes that can be spawned in the world are Actors, for example in Character and Prop (which are Actors) it is possible to call the function:
The Base Class Actor is a very important class in nanos world. It contains the most of methods which are shared through all Classes we have, and also Static Methods to get and retrieve entities directly.
Spawning entities in nanos world is extremely easy and straightforward, let's say we want to spawn a Character:
local my_character = Character()
Each Class will contain it's own Constructor, Properties, Methods and Events.
Check all Classes that nanos world provides in the sidebar Scripting Reference -> Classes item.
Keep in mind that some Classes can only be spawned in the Server, others can only be spawned in the Client.
All classes (but Player) allow you to destroy them with the method
Destroying an Entity will trigger the event
Destroy and also will automatically detach all attached entities it had attached*.
*If you attached entities with
auto_destroy_when_detached parameter, all attached entities will be destroyed as well 😉.
Static Classes in nanos world are Classes which you cannot Spawn. Instead you can use it's methods directly with
For example, if you want to interact with World (move the sun, set it raining, etc), you will need the
World Static Class:
-- Makes it 9:25 AM
Access to Static Classes / Static Methods are made with
Besides Classes and Static Classes, we have the Utility Classes! Those are mostly structs used in nanos world API such as Vector, Rotator, Color, JSON and some others.
All Utility Classes are Open Sourced at https://github.com/nanos-world/nanos-world-lua-lib. Feel free to push merge requests and suggest changes!